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NIRVANA Vintage Click Pawl Reels on a Sweet Deal
NIRVANA Vintage Click Pawl Reels on a Sweet Deal
Chasing the Pale Morning Duns: A Fly Fisher's Adventure

Chasing the Pale Morning Duns: A Fly Fisher's Adventure

In the world of fly fishing, there's a magic hour when the river comes alive with the dance of insects and the rise of hungry trout. Among the myriad of flies that grace the water's surface, one stands out for its ubiquity and importance – the Pale Morning Dun, or PMD. Join us on a journey as we explore the enchanting world of PMDs, from their significance as a vital food source for fish to the thrill of chasing their hatches on rivers and streams across the globe.


The Importance of PMDs

Picture this: a tranquil river flowing through a lush valley, its surface shimmering under the golden light of dawn. Suddenly, the air is filled with the delicate flutter of wings as PMDs emerge from the water in droves. For fish, this is a feast not to be missed. These mayflies, with their pale yellow to golden olive bodies and delicate wings, are a staple in the diet of trout and other freshwater species.


PMDs are renowned for their abundance, making them a reliable food source for fish throughout late spring to early fall as the weather warms and before it cools. Though the exact timing can vary depending on location and weather conditions, these are the best times to be prepared for these insects to hatch. Understanding the nuances of PMD hatches is essential for any angler looking to capitalize on this natural bounty.

 PMD Soft Hackle/Emerger Patterns

PMD Quill Body Soft Hackle
PMD Hackle Stacker Emerger

PMD Quill Body Soft Hackle Fly Tying Tutorial

PMD Quill Body Soft Hackle Materials List:

  1. Hook: Moonlit Premium TOGATTA ML102 sz114-18
  2. Thread: Semperfli Classic Waxed 12/0 Primrose
  3. Tail: Nature Spirit Yellow Dyed Pheasant Tail
  4. Body: Semperfli Perfect Quills Clear Medium
  5. Thorax: Semperfli Kapok Danica
  6. Hackle: Moonlit Quail Skin Natural Brown Variant
  7. UV Resin: Solarez Thin Hard
  8. UV Pen: Moonlit UV Quick Dry Adjustable Pen

Regional Hatch Chart

United States:


Rocky Mountains: Look for PMD hatches from June to August, with peak activity in July. Optimal weather conditions include warm, sunny days with a slight breeze.

Western Rivers: In places like the Yellowstone, Madison, and Henry's Fork, PMDs emerge from May to July, peaking in late June. Overcast days with intermittent sunshine are ideal for fishing PMD hatches.

Eastern Rivers: Rivers like the Delaware and the Au Sable see PMD hatches from May to August, with prime fishing conditions in June and July. Cool mornings followed by warm afternoons often trigger strong hatches.



British Columbia: PMD hatches occur from June to August, with peak activity in July. Rivers like the Bow and the Elk are known for their prolific PMD populations. Mild, overcast days are perfect for fishing these hatches.



United Kingdom: PMDs can be found on rivers throughout the UK from May to September, with peak hatches in June and July. Cloudy days with occasional drizzle are optimal for fishing PMD emergences.

Best Fishing Spots

When it comes to fishing PMD hatches, location is key. Look for slow-moving sections of rivers and streams where PMDs are likely to gather. Back-eddies, riffles, and seams are prime feeding grounds for trout during a PMD hatch. Keep an eye out for rising fish and target your casts accordingly.


Small streams, in particular, offer a unique opportunity to experience PMD hatches up close and personal. These intimate waters provide the perfect setting for delicate presentations and precise casts. Whether you're wading through a mountain stream or drifting down a meandering river, the thrill of hooking into a wild trout during a PMD hatch is an experience like no other.



In the world of fly fishing, few things rival the excitement of a PMD hatch. From the tranquil beauty of the river at dawn to the adrenaline rush of a fish striking your fly, chasing PMDs is a true adventure. So grab your rod, tie on a PMD pattern, and immerse yourself in the magic of the river. The next great angling adventure awaits!

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